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Foundries at Stary Tartas-5—an Early Bronze Age Site in the Baraba Forest-Steppe

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.4.084-094

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Abstract

This study focuses on areas evidencing bronze casting at the Odino culture site, Stary Tartas-5, in the Baraba foreststeppe. One such area is within dwelling 1 and has a smelting hearth and pits situated nearby; the other, outside the dwelling, has a smelting kiln. We provide characteristics of these areas and their archaeological context. Each artifact from the foundries is described in detail, parallels are listed, and results of binocular microscopy of the molding compound are outlined. Based on findings of thermogravimetric studies, we assess the functions of technical pottery represented by fragments, and the number of times various items of the casting set could have been used. Previously, crucibles shaped as straight-walled jars have not been found at Odino sites, with the exception of a single intact specimen from burial 286 at the Tartas-1 cemetery. Dwelling 1 at Tartas-5 and the workshop associated with it were apparently parts of a single household. The Odino bronze casting tradition was retained by the Krotovo population, who supplemented it with innovations, such as the use of oval cups with thicker bottoms adapted to their own casting practices. The Odino sites in the Baraba forest-steppe date to the first half of the third millennium BC. It is concluded that the evidence of the bronze casting industry found at Stary Tartas-5 is the earliest in that region, and that its level in the Odino culture was high.

About the Authors

I. A. Durakov
Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Associate Professor

Vilyuiskaya 28, Novosibirsk, 630126



L. N. Mylnikova
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Leading Researcher, IAE; Teaching Assistant of the Archaeology and Ethnography Department, NSU.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



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For citation:


Durakov I.A., Mylnikova L.N. Foundries at Stary Tartas-5—an Early Bronze Age Site in the Baraba Forest-Steppe. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2020;48(4):84-94. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.4.084-094

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