Preview

Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia

Advanced search
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

A Method for Attributing Non-Refitting Fragments to a Single Artifact: The Case of Bronze Age Flat Figurines

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.1.053-059

Full Text:

Abstract

In recent decades, several new methods for studying archaeological artifacts, mostly based on digital technologies, have been developed. One of the most promising trends is 3D modeling, allowing researchers to deal with an exact virtual copy of the artifact, which can be manipulated in every way. We propose a new method for determining whether non-applicable fragments belong to one artifact, based on 3D modeling and mathematical statistics. After applying it to two (and possibly more) fragments, one gets an unambiguous answer as to whether the application is statistically reliable (i.e., falls within 95 % confidence limits). Precise computerized measurements on 3D models, following a single algorithm, allow us to verify the results. This method was tested on non-refitting fragments of figurines from the Bronze Age cemetery Tourist-2. Two anthropomorphic figurines from the same cemetery were used to verify the conclusions and elaborate the algorithm.

About the Authors

K. A. Kolobova
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Laboratory Head, Leading Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



P. V. Chistyakov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Junior Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



N. V. Basova
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



A. V. Postnov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Senior Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



L. V. Zotkina
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Senior Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



References

1. Basova N.V., Postnov A.V., Nesterkina A.L., Akhmetov V.V., Morozov A.A. 2017. Rezultaty okhranno-spasatelnykh raskopok na poselenii Turist-2 v Novosibirske v 2007 godu. In Problemy arkheologii, etnografii, antropologii Sibiri i sopredelnykh territoriy, vol. XXIII. Novosibirsk: Izd. IAET SO RAN, pp. 509–512.

2. Bretzke K., Conard N.J. 2012. Evaluating morphological variability in lithic assemblages using 3D models of stone artifacts. Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 39 (12): 3741–3749. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.06.039.

3. Cooper J.R., Qiu F. 2006. Expediting and standardizing stone artifact refitting using a computerized suitability model. Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 33 (7): 987–998.

4. Delpiano D., Peresani M., Pastoors A. 2017. The contribution of 3D visual technology to the study of Palaeolithic knapped stones based on refitting. Digital Applications in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, vol. 4: 28–38. doi:10.1016/j.daach.2017.02.002.

5. Grosman L., Karasik A., Harush O., Smilansky U. 2014. Archaeology in three dimensions: Computer-based methods in archaeological research. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology and Heritage Studies, vol. 2: 48–64. doi:10.5325/ jeasmedarcherstu.2.1.0048.

6. Grosman L., Ovadia A., Bogdanovsky A. 2014. Neolithic masks in a digital world. In Face to Face: The Oldest Masks in the World. Jerusalem: The Israel Museum, pp. 54–59.

7. Grosman L., Smikt O., Smilansky U. 2008. On the application of 3-D scanning technology for the documentation and typology of lithic artifacts. Journal of Archaeological Science, vol. 35 (12): 3101–3110. doi:10.1016/j. jas.2008.06.011.

8. Hammer Ø., Harper D.A.T., Ryan P.D. 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica, vol. 4 (1). Article 4.

9. Herzlinger G., Goren-Inbar N., Grosman L. 2017. A new method for 3D geometric morphometric shape analysis: The case study of handaxe knapping skill. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, vol. 14 (1): 163–173. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.05.013.

10. Herzlinger G., Grosman L. 2018. AGMT3-D: A software for 3-D landmarks-based geometric morphometric shape analysis of archaeological artifacts. PLoS ONE, vol. 13 (11): e0207890. – URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/ journal.pone.0207890

11. Kolobova K.A., Fedorchenko A.Y., Basova N.V., Postnov A.V., Kovalev V.S., Chistyakov P.V., Molodin V.I. 2019. The use of 3D-modeling for reconstructing the appearance and function of non-utilitarian items (the case of anthropomorphic figurines from Tourist-2). Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 47 (4): 66–76.

12. Kolobova K.A., Flas D., Derevianko A.P., Pavlenok K.K., Islamov U.I., Krivoshapkin A.I. 2012. The Kulbulak bladelet tradition in the Upper Paleolithic of Central Asia. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 41 (2): 2–25.

13. Kolobova K., Rendu W., Shalagina A., Chistyakov P., Kovalev V., Baumann M., Koliasnikova A., Krivoshapkin A. 2020. The application of geometric-morphometric shape analysis to Middle Paleolithic bone retouchers from the Altai Mountains, Russia. Quaternary International, vol. 559: 89–96. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2020.06.018.

14. Kolobova K.A., Shalagina A.V., Chabai V.P., Markin S.V., Krivoshapkin A.I. 2019. Signification des technologies bifaciales au Paléolithique moyen des montagnes de l’Altaï. L’Anthropologie, vol. 123 (2): 276–288.

15. Kolobova K.A., Zotkina L.V., Markin S.V., Vasiliev S.K., Chistyakov P.V., Bocharova E.N., Kharevich A.V. 2021. Kompleksnoye izucheniye personalnogo ukrasheniya iz reztsa surka v rannegolotsenovom komplekse peshchery Kaminnaya (Rossiyskiy Altay). Stratum plus: Arkheologiya i kulturnaya antropologiya, No. 1. (In press).

16. Lang N. 2012. The Stone Age meets the digital age: Exploring the application of digital, three-dimensional technologies for the study of lithic artifacts. Berkeley Undergraduate Journal, vol. 26 (3): 129–143.

17. Richardson E., Grosman L., Smilansky U., Werman M. 2012. Extracting scar and ridge features from 3D-scanned lithic artifacts. Archaeology in the digital era. In Papers from the 40th Annual Conference of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA). Southampton: Amsterdam Univ. Press, pp. 83–92.

18. Shalagina A.V., Kolobova K.A., Chistyakov P.V., Krivoshapkin A.I. 2020. Primeneniye trekhmernogo geometriko-morfometricheskogo analiza dlya izucheniya artefaktov kamennogo veka. Stratum plus, No. 1: 343–358.

19. Shalagina A.V., Kolobova K.A., Krivoshapkin A.I. 2019 Analiz posledovatelnosti skolov (scar-pattern) kak instrument rekonstruktsii protsessa izgotovleniya kamennykh artefaktov. Stratum plus: Arkheologiya i kulturnaya antropologiya, No. 1: 145–154.

20. Stamatopoulos M.I., Anagnostopoulos C.N. 2016. 3D digital reassembling of archaeological ceramic pottery fragments based on their thickness profile. CoRR abs/1601.05824 (2016). – URL: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/ papers/1601/1601.05824.pdf

21. Sumner A.T., Riddle A. 2008. A virtual Paleolithic: Assays in photogrammetric three- dimensional artifact modelling. PaleoAnthropology: 158–169.

22. Valletta F., Smilansky U., Goring-Morris N.A., Grosman L. 2020. On measuring the mean cutting-edge angle of lithic tools based on 3-D models – a case study from the Southern Levantine Epipaleolithic. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, vol. 12 (2). Article 49. URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520- 019-00954-w

23. Zotkina L.V., Basova N.V., Postnov A.V., Kolobova K.A. 2020. Elk figurine from Tourist-2, Novosibirsk: Technological and stylistic features. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 48 (4): 75–83.

24. Zotkina L.V., Kovalev V.S., Shalagina A.V. 2018. Vozmozhnosti i perspektivy primeneniya trekhmernoy vizualizatsii kak instrumenta analiza v arkheologii. Nauchnaya vizualizatsiya, vol. 10 (4): 172–190.


For citation:


Kolobova K.A., Chistyakov P.V., Basova N.V., Postnov A.V., Zotkina L.V. A Method for Attributing Non-Refitting Fragments to a Single Artifact: The Case of Bronze Age Flat Figurines. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(1):53-59. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.1.053-059

Views: 64


ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)