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The Peopling of the Baraba Forest-Steppe in the Neolithic: Cranial Evidence

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.1.133-145

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Abstract

On the basis of statistical analysis of craniometric data relating to Mesolithic and Neolithic samples from northern Eurasia, we discuss the peopling of the Baraba forest-steppe in the Early Holocene. This region is represented by samples from Sopka-2/1 (early sixth millennium BC), Protoka (late fifth to early fourth millennia BC), Korchugan (early-mid sixth millennium BC), and Vengerovo-2A (late sixth millennium BC). The results of the principal component analysis are interpreted in the context of debates over the role of autochthonous traditions in the Neolithic. During the Preboreal period (10 ka BP), large parts of the Baraba forest-steppe were flooded by the transgression of lake systems during climatic warming. This may have caused depopulation, lasting for at least a millennium. The Early Holocene people of Baraba were an offshoot of Meso-Neolithic populations of the northwestern Russian Plain. On that basis, the Early Neolithic populations of Baraba were formed. Direct population continuity is traceable only through the Chalcolithic. Since the late sixth millennium BC, however, the local population had incorporated migrants from the Pit-Comb Ware area in the central Russian Plain and, indirectly (via the Neolithic Altai), from the Cis-Baikal area.

About the Authors

T. A. Chikisheva
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Department Head

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



D. V. Pozdnyakov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Senior Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



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For citation:


Chikisheva T.A., Pozdnyakov D.V. The Peopling of the Baraba Forest-Steppe in the Neolithic: Cranial Evidence. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(1):133-146. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.1.133-145

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