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Pottery from the Barsov Gorodok III/6 Early Iron Age Fortified Settlement in the Surgut Stretch of the Ob: A Technological Analysis

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.2.072-083

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Abstract

This article outlines the findings of a technological study of the Kulai ceramics from Barsov Gorodok III/6 near Barsova Gora, on the right bank of the Ob River, Tyumen Region, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. We describe the site, its stratigraphic sequence and planigraphy, and the layout of the dwellings. The analysis was performed using binocular microscopy of traces in fresh transverse and longitudinal fractures of potsherds. Results were compared with those relating to the experimental sample. The examination of 50 specimens revealed a conservative tradition typical of the potters’ substrate skills. Its characteristics included the use of homogeneous clay mined near reservoirs in one and the same area, and the technology was based on bottom-to-body or body-to-bottom coiling. The body was constructed by side coiling. Adaptive skills were variable. Four mixed recipes for clay paste are described, making up one-fifth of the total number of recipes: clay + broken stone + chamotte; clay + broken stone + liquid organics; clay + + chamotte + sand; clay + broken stone + sand; and two unmixed recipes: clay + broken stone; and clay + chamotte. The mechanical processing of surface is variable, being based on 16 techniques and their combinations. Techniques used at various stages of pottery manufacture are listed. Simple paste recipes indicate groups of potters representing various traditions. Mixed recipes attest to a blend of traditions. Those using them might have been monocultural or multicultural groups of potters using different techniques and skills.

About the Authors

D. V. Selin
Novosibirsk State University; Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



Y. P. Chemyakin
Ural State Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Pr. Kosmonavtov 26, Yekaterinburg, 620017



L. N. Mylnikova
Novosibirsk State University; Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



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For citation:


Selin D.V., Chemyakin Y.P., Mylnikova L.N. Pottery from the Barsov Gorodok III/6 Early Iron Age Fortified Settlement in the Surgut Stretch of the Ob: A Technological Analysis. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(2):72-83. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.2.072-083

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