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Results of Radiocarbon Dating of Early Burials in the Firsovo Archaeological Area, Barnaul Stretch of the Ob

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.024-031

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Abstract

An especially noteworthy part of the Firsovo archaeological area is a group of early burials at the fl at-grave cemeteries Novoaltaisk-Razvilka, Firsovo XI, and Firsovo XIV. Nine radiocarbon dates have been generated for those cemeteries at various laboratories: two by the liquid-scintillation (LSC) method and seven using the accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) method. The dates were calibrated using OxCal version 3.10 software. Dates for the Chalcolithic Bolshoy Mys culture burials at Novoaltaisk-Razvilka and Tuzovskiye Bugry-1 burial 7 match the previously suggested ones (around 3000 BC). Certain Neolithic burials in the Altai differ from others in the position of the bodies (fl exed on the side). They were dated to the late 5th to the early 4th millennia BC by the AMS method. Burials belonging to the “cultural core” of Firsovo XI, then, fall within the Early Neolithic (68 % interval, 5710–5460 BC; 95 % interval, 5740–5360 BC). The date 9106 ± 80 BP (GV-02889), obtained for Firsovo XI burial 18, may be somewhat accurate, pointing to the Final Mesolithic or Early Neolithic. Both the date and the cultural characteristics of this burial (sitting position, abundant ocher) are accompanied by the craniometric distinctness of the male cranium (huge total size).

About the Authors

K. Y. Kiryushin
Altai State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Lenina 61, Barnaul, 656049



Y. F. Kiryushin
Altai State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Lenina 61, Barnaul, 656049



K. N. Solodovnikov
Institute of Northern Development, Tyumen Scientifi c Center, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Malygina 86, Tyumen, 625026



Y. V. Frolov
Altai State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Lenina 61, Barnaul, 656049



A. V. Schmidt
Museum of Nature and Man
Russian Federation

Mira 14a, Khanty-Mansiysk, 628011



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For citation:


Kiryushin K.Y., Kiryushin Y.F., Solodovnikov K.N., Frolov Y.V., Schmidt A.V. Results of Radiocarbon Dating of Early Burials in the Firsovo Archaeological Area, Barnaul Stretch of the Ob. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(3):24-31. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.024-031

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)