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Shovels Used by Russians in 17th–18th Century Siberia

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.075-082

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Abstract

The study describes types of the shovel—one of the most widely used and multifunctional tools in 17th–18th century Russian culture of Siberia. The principal collection includes more than twenty intact and fragmented specimens unearthed during 13 fi eld seasons of excavations at Tara, in the Omsk Region. Shovels found elsewhere in Western Siberia are also described, and the role of this tool in the households of Russian pioneers in Siberia is assessed. Judging by the drawings in Semen Remezov’s chronicle and excavation records from Tara, Mangazeya, and Nadym forts, we conclude that shovels were specialized for various kinds of work, and that they varied with the season. There were diverse types used for constructing fortifi cations, dwellings and utility structures, for digging graves, tillage, clearing snow, handling bulk materials, and baking bread; children’s toy shovels are also described. Information is provided on shapes of shovels and the types of wood Siberians used for making them.

About the Authors

S. F. Tataurov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



S. S. Tikhonov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



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For citation:


Tataurov S.F., Tikhonov S.S. Shovels Used by Russians in 17th–18th Century Siberia. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(3):75-82. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.075-082

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)