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Tungus-Manchu Traditional Beliefs. Part 1: Fertility Cult and Images of Divine Ancestresses

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.112-118

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Abstract

This article explores the traditional beliefs of the Tungus-Manchu peoples and is based on the hermeneutic and comparative analysis of the fertility cult. Some of its aspects are related to images of divine ancestresses, the tree of life, the hearth cult, ancestral lineage, and animistic beliefs. For the fi rst time, cults of fertility, as well as those of divine ancestresses, are regarded as an integral whole. This analysis demonstrates that images of ancestresses are preserved in mythology, rituals (specifi cally domestic ones), tribal culture, and cultural features related to birth, shamanism, ludic culture, and applied art. Also, they relate to the hearth cult, fi re rites, the tree of souls or tree of life, creation, and shamanism as part of folk medicine and rites of passage. The conclusion is made that the Tungus-Manchu fertility cult is an inherent religious system, relevant to the mentality, archetypal cultural values, ethno-cultural specifi city, and contacts with other peoples.

 

About the Author

T. Y. Sem
Russian Museum of Ethnography
Russian Federation

Inzhenernaya 4/1, St. Petersburg, 191186



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For citation:


Sem T.Y. Tungus-Manchu Traditional Beliefs. Part 1: Fertility Cult and Images of Divine Ancestresses. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(3):112-118. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.112-118

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