Preview

Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia

Advanced search
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Urbanization Processes in the Indigenous Population of the Altai Republic: Stages, Factors, Prospects

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.119-126

Full Text:

Abstract

This article explores the specifi city of the urbanization process in the native population of the Altai Republic and assesses its principal trends over the course of the years 1926–2020. The focus is on quantitative aspects such as the growth of urban settlements and their population. I look at the ways the urban network has developed in the Altai Mountains. The only urban administrative center shows a potential for agglomerative growth and continues to accumulate the rural population. Townships that had emerged during the Soviet period were unattractive for natives. Three stages in the urbanization process are described: 1926–1950s, 1960–1980s, and 1990 to the present. Over the entire period in question, urbanization was extensive, i.e. caused by migration from rural areas. At the fi rst stage, the key factor was political (collectivization). In the second stage, the factors were socio-cultural (attractiveness of urban lifestyle), economic (higher income and greater availability of jobs), and political (the abolition of “futureless” villages). The main factor at the third stage was socio-economic crisis. A conclusion is made that the potential for extensive urbanization in the native population of the Altai Republic has not yet been exhausted. The most attractive places to migrate are still the region’s capital and its suburbs. However, migration to other cities of Russia is likely to rise. A prediction is made that the role of intensive factors of urbanization in the indigenous population of the Altai Republic will increase.

 

About the Author

A. P. Chemchieva
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



References

1. Baeva L.N., Makoshev A.P.1994 Ekonomicheskaya i sotsialnaya geografi ya Respubliki Altai: Ucheb. posobiye. Gorno-Altaysk: Gorno-Alt. Gos. Univ.

2. Breslavsky A.S. 2019 Urbanizatsiya v respublikakh Yuzhnoy Sibiri: Dinamika klyuchevykh parametrov (1989–2019). Urbanistika, No. 1: 58–67.

3. Cherkasov A.A. 2018 Osobennosti vovlecheniya v urbanizatsionniye protsessy etnosov v Rossii. Nauka. Innovatsii. Tekhnologii, No. 4: 105–116.

4. Chislennost i sostav naseleniya SSSR: Po dannym Vsesoyuznoy perepisi naseleniya 1979 goda. 1984 Moscow: Finansy i statistika.

5. Efimova E.A. 2014 Regionalniye aspekty urbanizatsii v Rossii. Regionalnaya ekonomika: Teoriya i praktika, No. 43: 2–12.

6. Gorniy Altai: Vsesoyuznaya perepis naseleniya 1989 g. 1990 Pt. 1. Gorno-Altaysk: [s.n.].

7. Gorno-Altaysk: Sotsialno-demografi cheskiye aspekty: Stat. sb. 2013 Gorno-Altaysk: Altaystat.

8. Gorno-Altayskoy avtonomnoy oblasti 60 let: Stat. sb. 1982 Gorno-Altaysk: Gorno-Alt. otd-niye Alt. kn. izd.

9. Gorod i derevnya v Yevropeiskoy Rossii: Sto let peremen. 2001 T. Nefedova, P. Polyan, A. Treivish (eds.). Moscow: OGI.

10. Istoriya gimnazii. (s.a.) BOU RA Respublikanskaya gimnaziya imeni V.K. Plakasa: Sait. URL: https://resgimnaz.edusite.ru/p5aa1.html (Accessed July 7, 2020).

11. Isupov V.A. 1991 Gorodskoye naseleniye Sibiri: Ot katastrofy k vozrozhdeniyu (konets 30-kh – konets 50-kh gg.). Novosibirsk: Nauka.

12. Itogi Vsesoyuznoy perepisi naseleniya 1959 goda po Gorno-Altayskoy avtonomnoy oblasti. (s.a.) K a z e n n o y e u c h r e z h d e n i y e R e s p u b l i k i A l t a i “Gosudarstvenniy arkhiv sotsialno-pravovoy dokumentatsii Respubliki Altai”. F. R-61, Inv. 9, Item 22.

13. Itogi Vsesoyuznoy perepisi naseleniya 1970 goda. (s.a.) Vol. IV: Natsionalniy sostav naseleniya SSSR. Pt. I: Raspredeleniye naseleniya SSSR, soyuznykh i avtonomnykh respublik, krayev, oblastey i natsionalnykh okrugov po natsionalnosti i yazyku, bk. 1. Moscow: Tip. Glavmekhscheta TsSU SSSR, 1972.

14. Kessler K. 2003 Kollektivizatsiya i begstvo iz dereven – sotsialnoekonomicheskiye pokazateli, 1929–1939 gg. Ekonomicheskaya istoriya: Obozreniye, iss. 9: 77–79.

15. Naseleniye Zapadnoy Sibiri v XX veke. 1997 Novosibirsk: Izd. SO RAN.

16. Natsionalniy sostav i vladeniye yazykami, grazhdanstvo: Itogi Vserossiyskoy perepisi naseleniya 2010 goda. 2013 Vol. 4. Gorno-Altaysk: Altaystat.

17. Natsionalniy sostav naseleniya po Respublike Altai: Itogi Vserossiyskoy perepisi naseleniya 2002 goda. 2005 Vol. 2. Gorno-Altaysk: Altaystat.

18. Nefedov S.A. 2013 Agrarniye i demograficheskiye itogi stalinskoy kollektivizatsii. Tambov: Izd. Tambov. Gos. Univ.

19. Nikolaev V.V. 2017 Gorodskiye i selskiye gruppy korennykh narodov Altaya: Etnodemografi cheskiye protsessy v nachale XXI veka. Vestnik Novosibirskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser.: Istoriya, fi lologiya, vol. 16 (3): 127–134.

20. Obespecheniye zhilyem kategoriy grazhdan, ustanovlennykh federalnym zakonodatelstvom. (s.a.) Ministerstvo regionalnogo razvitiya Respubliki Altai: Sait. URL: https://minregion-ra.ru/obespechenie-zhilem-kategoriy-grazhdan-ustanovlennykh-federalnym-zakonodatelstvom.php (Accessed July 7, 2020).

21. Pakhaev S.Y., Fedotov V.S., Yablochkov V.A. 1965 Gorno-Altaysk. Barnaul: Alt. kn. izd.

22. Popov R. 2005 Urbanizirovannost regionov Rossii vo vtoroy polovine XX veka. In Rossiya i eye regiony v XX veke: Territoriya – rasseleniye – migratsii. Moscow: OGI, pp. 215–244.

23. Respublika Altai v tsyfrakh: Yubileiniy stat. sb. (s.a.) Gorno-Altaysk: Altaystat, 2016.

24. Satlaev F.A. 1995 Gorniy Altay v period feodalizma v Rossii (XVII–XIX vv.): Ucheb. posobiye. Gorno-Altaysk: Yuch-Syumer.

25. Sozdaniye i razvitiye Gorno-Altayskoy gorodskoy aglomeratsii obsudili v pravitelstve regiona. (s.a.) Respublika Altai: Ofitsialniy sait. URL: https://altairepublic.ru/news_lent/news-archive/34223/ (Accessed July 7, 2020).

26. Tinikova E.E. 2018 Transformatsiya gorodskogo rasseleniya v natsionalnykh respublikakh Yuzhnoy Sibiri v seredine XX – nachale XXI veka. Noviye issledovaniya Tuvy, No. 4: 235–258. URL: https://nit. tuva.asia/nit/article/view/816 (Accessed July 7, 2020).

27. Tinikova E.E. 2019 Dinamika natsionalnogo sostava gorodskogo naseleniya Yuzhnoy Sibiri v 1945–2017 godakh. In Aktualniye problemy sovremennoy nauki: Vzglyad molodykh uchenykh: Materialy Mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. molodykh uchenykh, aspirantov i studentov (Grozniy, 26–27 apr. 2019 g.). Makhachkala: Alef, pp. 409–413.

28. Ulala, Oyrot-Tura, Gorno-Altaysk: Stranitsy istorii. 1997 Gorno-Altaysk: [s.n.].

29. Vsesoyuznaya perepis naseleniya 1926 goda: Sibirsky kray. 1928 Otd. I: Narodnost. Rodnoy yazyk. Vozrast. Gramotnost. Moscow: TsSU SSSR.

30. Vsesoyuznaya perepis naseleniya 1939 goda: Osnovniye itogi. 1992 Y.A. Polyakov (ed.). Moscow: Nauka.


For citation:


Chemchieva A.P. Urbanization Processes in the Indigenous Population of the Altai Republic: Stages, Factors, Prospects. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(3):119-126. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.3.119-126

Views: 38


ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)