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Multidisciplinary Study of Burnt Deposits at Surungur, Fergana Valley, Southern Kyrgyzstan

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.4.024-036

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Abstract

Burnt deposits are an important source of information on ancient lifestyles, providing the possibility of reconstructing the size, intensity of use, and functions of fi replaces at prehistoric settlements, and to assess fuel sources. We outline the results of a multidisciplinary study of fi replaces and their contexts at Surungur—a stratifi ed site in the Fergana Valley, in southern Kyrgyzstan. Sixteen samples from ash lenses and intermediate deposits were studied by rock-magnetism, gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and X-ray fl uorescence (XRF). The rock-magnetic analysis suggests that the origin of all samples from ash lenses was anthropogenic. Types of fuel were reconstructed. At the initial stage (Early Holocene), the encompassing deposits likely resulted from short-term occupation, and fuel consisted of wood and grass/ dung. In the Middle Holocene, occupation became more long-term, as evidenced by maximal heating temperatures and high concentration of fi replaces. During the Late Holocene, habitation intensity on the platform under the stone ledge remained the same, but heating was less intense. Wood and grass/dung were used as fuel at all stages, suggesting that wood was available in the region throughout the Holocene.

About the Authors

I. E. Dedov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



E. P. Kulakova
Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Bolshaya Gruzinskaya 10, bldg. 1, Moscow, 123242



M. V. Shashkov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk, 630090



A. A. Zhdanov
Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 5, Novosibirsk, 630090



E. V. Parkhomchuk
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Center for Collective Use, Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090

Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090



T. Chargynov
Jusup Balasagyn Kyrgyz National University
Kyrgyzstan

Frunze 547, Bishkek, 720033



S. V. Shnaider
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



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For citation:


Dedov I.E., Kulakova E.P., Shashkov M.V., Zhdanov A.A., Parkhomchuk E.V., Chargynov T., Shnaider S.V. Multidisciplinary Study of Burnt Deposits at Surungur, Fergana Valley, Southern Kyrgyzstan. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(4):24-36. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.4.024-036

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)