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Tungus-Manchu Traditional Beliefs. Part 2: Zoomorphic Complex

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.4.120-126

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Abstract

This article describes the zoomorphic complex of Tungus-Manchu beliefs refl ected in mythology, ritual practices, shamanism, and decorative and applied arts. Those beliefs are regarded as a coherent whole within the cultural system. The typology of the zoomorphic complex shows that the key fi gures were the serpent-dragon, the deer, the bear, and the tiger. In traditional worldviews and rituals, they were related to cosmogony, ancestor cult, hunting and fi shing rituals, healing, and initiation shamanic complexes. The semantics of animal images depended on their place in the cultural system, religious ritual, and artistic communication. Comparative analysis demonstrates both ethno-cultural specifi city and universal archetypal characteristics, as well as connection with ancient regional beliefs. The Tungus- Manchu zoomorphic complex originated within the East Asian traditions, having been infl uenced by cultures such as the Old Chinese, Korean, and Jurchen.

About the Author

T. Y. Sem
Russian Museum of Ethnography
Russian Federation

Inzhenernaya 4/1, St. Petersburg, 191186



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Sem T.Y. Tungus-Manchu Traditional Beliefs. Part 2: Zoomorphic Complex. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2021;49(4):120-126. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2021.49.4.120-126

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