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Archaeozoological Studies at Konoplyanka, the Southern Trans-Urals

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.2.033-039

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Abstract

Konoplyanka is a fortifi ed settlement associated with the Sintashta culture and dating to 1920–1745 cal BC. The faunal sample was studied with regard to standard traits and markers of pathology, rather recently adopted in Russian archaeozoological studies. The results are relevant not only to herd composition and age at slaughter but also to the animals’ state of health. The analysis of pathologies provides information about the herders’ skills and the housing of domestic ungulates. Ethnographic data relating to the modern grazing management system in the same area and information received from herdsmen were widely used. This makes it possible to assess the carrying capacity of the land and to arrive at a more accurate reconstruction of the pastoral economy. Markers of osteophagy among the domestic ungulates are analyzed and the phenomenon is discussed in the context of settlement archaeology. The study showed that animal husbandry was the predominant subsistence strategy. Markers of animal pathology indicate a high level of herding skills. The cattle were used as draught animals. Osteophagy attests to places where animals were kept. The predominant system was homestead herding, all or most animals being likely kept within the settlement throughout the year.

About the Author

A. Y. Rassadnikov
Institute of History and Archaeology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Kovalevskoi 16, Yekaterinburg, 620990


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For citation:


Rassadnikov A.Y. Archaeozoological Studies at Konoplyanka, the Southern Trans-Urals. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2019;47(2):33-39. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.2.033-039

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