Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia

Advanced search
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Archaeological Findings on Suchu Island (Excavation Area I, 1975)

Full Text:


This study describes the finds from dwelling B excavated in I975 on Suchu Island, near Mariinskoye, Khabarovsk Territory. Lithics, ceramics, portable objects of art, and ritual artifacts (the total of II,574 items) are housed at the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS. Excavations in area I have been carried out since I972 in an extension of dwelling B, which had been partially unearthed previously. In I975, 252 m2 were cleared, finishing the works in excavation area I. Stratigraphic and planigraphic methods were used to reconstruct the layout of the dwelling and the space outside it. A morphological classification of the lithics was undertaken, ceramics were studied with a binocular microscope, and the chronology of all finds was evaluated. Some of these date to the Middle Neolithic (Malyshevo and Kondon cultures, and the Belkachi complex), some to the Late Neolithic (Voznesenovskoye culture) and Final Neolithic, some to later periods, such as the Bronze Age, Early Iron Age, or the Middle Ages. Lithics include tools and debris. Ceramics, objects of art, and ritual items mostly represent the middle stage of the Malyshevo culture. Two burials, dating to the Neolithic and the Early Iron Age, were found inside dwelling B. They were arranged after the dwelling had been abandoned, and they are especially relevant to cultural and historical reconstructions, since ancient burials are very rare in the region, and not a single one dating to the Neolithic was known until the present time.

About the Authors

V. E. Medvedev
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Department Head.

Pr Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090

I. V. Filatova
Amur State University for Humanities and Pedagogy
Russian Federation

Associate Professor.

Kirova 17, bldg. 2, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, 681000


1. Derevianko A.P., Medvedev V.E. 1996 Ostrov Suchu — unikalniy pamyatnik arkheologii Dalnego Vostoka. In Arkheologiya Severnoy Pasifiki. Vladivostok: Inst. istorii, arkheologii i etnografii narodov Dalnego Vostoka Dalnevost. otdeleniya RAN, pp. 214-221.

2. Derevianko A.P., Medvedev V.E. 2002 K tridtsatiletiyu nachala statsionarnykh issledovaniy na ostrove Suchu (nekotoriye itogi). In Istoriya i kultura Vostoka Azii: Materialy Mezhdunar. nauch. konf., vol. 2. Novosibirsk: Izd. IAET SO RAN, pp. 53-66.

3. Medvedev V.E. 2000 New motifs of the Lower-Amur Neolithic art and associated ideas of the ancient people. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, No. 3: 56-68.

4. Medvedev V.E. 2002 Amurskiye churingi. Gumanitarniye nauki v Sibiri. Ser.: Kultura, nauka, obrazovaniye, No. 3: 11-15.

5. Medvedev V.E. 2009 Clay balls from Suchu island as Neolithic sacral symbols. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 37 (3): 41-49.

6. Medvedev V.E. 2011 Skulptumiye izobrazheniya s ostrova Suchu. In Drevnosti po obe storony Velikogo okeana. Vladivostok: Izd. Dalnevost. Federal. Univ., pp. 8-15. (Tikhookeanskaya arkheologiya; iss. 21).

7. Medvedev V.E. 2017 Ob osobennostyakh razvitiya srednego i pozdnego neolita na yuge Dalnego Vostoka (Nizhneye Priamurye). In Trudy V (XXI) Vserossiyskogo arkheologicheskogo syezda v Barnaule-Belokurikhe, vol. 1. Barnaul: Izd. Alt. Gos. Univ., pp. 155-158.

8. Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. 2016 Tentative findings from excavations on Suchu island, Amur (1973 season, excavation I). Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 44 (4): 24-37.

9. Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. 2018a A study of finds from excavation I at Suchu island, the Lower Amur (the 1974 field season). Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 46 (4): 22-32.

10. Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. 2018b Kamenniy inventar poseleniya Suchu (1975 god, raskop I, zhilishche C). Teoriya i praktika arkheologicheskikh issledovaniy, No. 3: 71-84.

11. Okladnikov A.P. 1973 Otchet o raskopkakh neoliticheskogo poseleniya na ostrove Suchu Khabarovskogo kraya v 1973 g. Arkhiv IA RAN. R-1. No. 5072.

12. Okladnikov A.P. 1980 O rabotakh arkheologicheskogo otryada Amurskoy kompleksnoy ekspeditsii v nizovyakh Amura letom 1935 g. In Istochniki po arkheologii Severnoy Azii: 1935-1976 gg. Novosibirsk: Nauka, pp. 3-52.

13. Okladnikov A.P., Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. 2015 The first systematic excavations on Suchu Island and radiocarbon dates of the site (1972). Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 43 (3): 50-63.

14. Orlova L.A. 1995 Radiouglerodnoye datirovaniye arkheologicheskikh pamyatnikov Sibiri i Dalnego Vostoka. In Metody estestvennykh naukv arkheologicheskikh rekonstruktsiyakh, pt. 2. Novosibirsk: Izd. IAET SO RAN, pp. 207-232.

15. Vasilevsky A.A. 2008 Kamenniy vek ostrova Sakhalin. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: Sakhalin. kn. izd.

For citation:

Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. Archaeological Findings on Suchu Island (Excavation Area I, 1975). Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2019;47(4):30-42.

Views: 76

ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)