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Saryarka Archaeological Institute, Buketov Karaganda State University

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.4.043-052

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Abstract

This article describes a high-ranking burial at the Tabyldy cemetery in the Shetsky District of the Karaganda Region, Kazakhstan. The mound was encircled with a stone enclosure and marked a double burial of horses with discoid cheek-pieces and metal staples, symbolizing a chariot. Funerary items include a bronze knife-dagger, a goad-head, a metal pendant from a plate twisted 1.5 times and overlaid with gold, paste beads, tubular beads, and potsherds. A detailed description of these items is provided. The cheek-pieces resemble those of the Staroyuryevo type. Their position on the skulls of the horses suggests a reconstruction of the harness. On the basis of new finds, the evolution of the cheek-pieces is proposed. The reconstructed severe bits were made by interweaving metal staples with leather strips. This innovation, securing better driving, was the reason why later cheek-pieces had no studs. A comparative analysis of the burial rite and funerary items suggests an Early Alakul attribution. The fact that the horses ’ heads were oriented to the northeast, like those of the buried humans (judging by the places where the bottoms of ceramic vessels were concentrated), evidences the influence of the Early Timber-Grave (Pokrovsk) culture. The AMS date and its 1 SD limits point to the late 18th to early 17th century BC, suggesting the Nurtai stage of the Alakul culture in Central Kazakhstan.

About the Authors

I. A. Kukushkin
Saryarka Archaeological Institute, Buketov Karaganda State University
Kazakhstan

Leading Researcher.

Universitetskaya 28, Karaganda, 100028



E. A. Dmitriev
Saryarka Archaeological Institute, Buketov Karaganda State University
Kazakhstan

Junior Researcher.

Universitetskaya 28, Karaganda, 100028



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For citation:


Kukushkin I.A., Dmitriev E.A. Saryarka Archaeological Institute, Buketov Karaganda State University. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2019;47(4):43-52. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.4.043-052

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