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The Use of 3D-Modeling for Reconstructing the Appearance and Function of Non-Utilitarian Items (the Case of Anthropomorphic Figurines from Tourist-2)

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.4.066-076

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Abstract

This article presents the results of study of an Early Bronze ivory figurine from Tourist-2, using 3D-scanning with various technical parameters. The aim of the study was to test the new non-invasive methods of structured light 3D-scanning, with an accurate assessment of morphometric characteristics. In addition, use-wear analysis was employed to evaluate the previously unknown features relating to function. As a result, the original appearance of the figurine, the manufacturing technique, and iconographic characteristics were reconstructed. A series of transverse sections and the evaluation of the center of mass, combined with previously known features, suggest that the figurine was a personal ornament sewn onto clothing. For comparison, two flat anthropomorphic sculptures (a buckle made of burl, and a shale figurine) from the same burial complex were analyzed. Longitudinal sections suggest that, despite morphological and technological differences and the fact that various raw materials had been used, the iconographic style of all items is one and the same.

About the Authors

K. A. Kolobova
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Laboratory Head, Leading Researcher.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



A. Y. Fedorchenko
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Junior Researcher.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



N. V. Basova
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



A. V. Postnov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Senior Researcher.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



V. S. Kovalev
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Senior Laboratory Assistant.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



P. V. Chistyakov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Junior Researcher.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



V. I. Molodin
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation

Department Head, Chief Researcher, Director Advisor, IAE SB, RAS; Chief Researcher NSU.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090; Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090



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For citation:


Kolobova K.A., Fedorchenko A.Y., Basova N.V., Postnov A.V., Kovalev V.S., Chistyakov P.V., Molodin V.I. The Use of 3D-Modeling for Reconstructing the Appearance and Function of Non-Utilitarian Items (the Case of Anthropomorphic Figurines from Tourist-2). Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2019;47(4):66-76. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.4.066-076

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