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A Multidisciplinary Study of Finds from Suchu Island (1973 Season, Excavation II, Dwelling 1)

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.2.003-013

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Abstract

We analyze new finds from a Neolithic dwelling 1 from excavation II at the Suchu Island, on the Amur River. We analyzed an assemblage of 3788 lithics and ceramics, along with field records housed at the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of SB RAS. The article continues the series of publications in this journal, outlining the findings at Suchu—one of the key Neolithic sites in Northeast Asia. Dwelling 1 is a 0.8-meter-deep round semi-underground structure dug into the sandy loam. In its center, there was a hearth, and walls lacked ledges. On the floor, numerous pits from posts that had supported the roof were found. The stratigraphic and horizontal position of finds was registered; artifacts were analyzed through morphological typology, petrographic and X-ray analysis, and microscopy. Our analysis reveals hunting, fishing, and butchering tools, those for processing stone, wood, and bone, those for plant processing, and digging tools. Various sedimentary and igneous rocks were used as raw material. In terms of cultural chronology, standard pottery was mostly attributed to the Lower Amur cultures (Malyshevo and Voznesenovskoye), while some was apparently manufactured by immigrants. Principal technological, constructive, morphological, decorative, and functional characteristics of each ceramic type were assessed. Unusual artistic and ritual items clustered in dwelling 1 of the Malyshevo type (late 5th to early 4th millennia BC) are suggestive of a domestic shrine.

About the Authors

V. E. Medvedev
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090



I. V. Filatova
Amur State University for Humanities and Pedagogy
Russian Federation

Kirova 17, bldg. 2, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, 681000



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For citation:


Medvedev V.E., Filatova I.V. A Multidisciplinary Study of Finds from Suchu Island (1973 Season, Excavation II, Dwelling 1). Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2020;48(2):3-13. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.2.003-013

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)