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ALLOY COMPOSITION IN THE PRESTIGIOUS SILVER WARE OF THE OLD TURKIC PERIOD OF SOUTHERN SIBERIA*

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Abstract

A series of silver artifacts (ornaments, belt sets, horse equipment, and utensils) belonging to the most dynamically developing categories of the material culture of the Old Turkic period were examined using X-ray spectral analysis. The study of silver alloy compositions of various prestigious objects from representative archaeological complexes of southern Siberia (Kudyrge, Tuekta, Katanda, Bertek-34, Yustyd, and Ur-Bedary) made it possible to single out their main territorial groups: Altai, Kuznetsk, and Middle Yenisei. Four main kinds of silver alloys were identified: Ag-Cu, Ag-Cu-Su, Ag-Cu-Pb-Su, Ag-Cu-Zn. The highest silver content was found in the Old Turkic vessels of the first group. The belt decoration items and horse equipment parts demonstrate a variable alloy composition, mirroring cultural contacts between southwestern Siberian groups and those living in the adjacent regions in the second half of the 1st millennium AD.

About the Author

A. P. Borodovsky
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia Altai State University, Pr. Lenina 61, Barnaul, 656049, Russia
Russian Federation


References

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For citation:


Borodovsky A.P. ALLOY COMPOSITION IN THE PRESTIGIOUS SILVER WARE OF THE OLD TURKIC PERIOD OF SOUTHERN SIBERIA*. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2014;59(3):95-99. (In Russ.)

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)