Preview

Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia

Advanced search
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

The Paleogenetic Study of Bertek-33, an Afanasyevo Cemetery on the Ukok Plateau, the Altai Mountains

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.4.146-154

Full Text:

Abstract

We present the results of a paleogenetic analysis of bone samples representing seven adult individuals from Bertek-33—an Afanasyevo cemetery on the Ukok plateau, in the Altai Republic, Russia. The fi ndings are interpreted with reference to archaeological and anthropological data. Four systems of genetic markers were analyzed: mitochondrial DNA, polymorphic fragment of the amelogenin gene, autosomal STR-loci, and Y-chromosomal STR-loci. Genetic results indicate the dominance of Western Eurasian mtDNA haplogroups (T, J, U5a, K, H) and the homogeneity of the male gene-pool represented by variants of the Y-chromosomal haplogroup R1b. Data on mtDNA, Y-chromosome, and individual autosomal markers attest to the Western Eurasian affi nities of this group. The sample falls within the mtDNA and Y-chromosomal diversity of the Afanasyevo population of southern Siberia. Possible kinship between the individuals buried at Bertek-33 is discussed. Also, we address theoretical issues such as the accuracy of comparisons and the interpretation of genetic data with regard to cultural features.

About the Authors

A. S. Pilipenko
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Head of the Interinstitutional Center.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



R. O. Trapezov
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



S. V. Cherdantsev
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Doctoral Student

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



I. V. Pilipenko
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Head of the Interinstitutional Center.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



A. A. Zhuravlev
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Junior Researcher

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



M. S. Pristyazhnyuk
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Employee

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090



V. I. Molodin
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation

Professor, Department Head, IAE; Chief Researcher, NSU.

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090; Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090



References

1. Allentoft M.E., Sikora M., Sjogren K.G., Rasmussen S., Rasmussen M., Stenderup J., Damgaard P.B., Schroeder H., Ahlstrom T., Vinner L., Malaspinas A.S., Margaryan A., Higham T., Chivall D., Lynnerup N., Harvig L., Baron J., Della Casa P., Dqbrowski P., Duffy P.R., Ebel A.V., Epimakhov A., Frei K., Furmanek M., Gralak T., Gromov A., Gronkiewicz S., Grupe G., Hajdu T., Jarysz R., Khartanovich V., Khokhlov A., Kiss V., Kolar J., Kriiska A., Lasak I., Longhi C., McGlynn G., Merkevicius A., Merkyte I., Metspalu M., Mkrtchyan R., Moiseyev V., Paja L., Palfi G., Pokutta D., Pospieszny L., Price T.D., Saag L., Sablin M., Shishlina N., Smrcka V., Soenov V.I., Szeverenyi V., Toth G., Trifanova S.V., Varul L., Vicze M., Yepiskoposyan L., Zhitenev V., Orlando L., Sicheritz-Ponten T., Brunak S., Nielsen R., Kristiansen K., Willerslev E. 2015 Population genomics of Bronze Age Eurasia. Nature, vol. 522: 167-172.

2. Brinkmann B., Sajantila A., Goedde H.W., Matsumoto H., Nishi K., Wiegand P. 1996 Population genetic comparisons among eight populations using allele frequency and sequence data from three microsatellite loci. European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 4: 175-182.

3. Chikisheva T.A. 1994 Kharakteristika paleoantropologicheskogo materiala pamyatnikov Bertekskoy doliny. In Drevniye kultury Bertekskoy doliny, V.I. Molodin (ed.). Novosibirsk: Nauka, pp. 157-174.

4. Chikisheva T.A. 2012 Dinamika antropologicheskoy differentsiatsii naseleniya yuga Zapadnoy Sibiri v epokhi neolita-rannego zheleza. Novosibirsk: Izd. IAET SO RAN.

5. Gonzalez N.C., Perez J.R., Chamero B., Cambra-Moo O., Martin A.G. 2017 Geometric morphometrics reveals restrictions on the shape of the female os coxae. Journal of Anatomy, vol. 230: 66-74.

6. Haak W., Forster P., Bramanti B., Matsumura S., Brandt G., Tanzer M., Villems R., Renfrew C., Gronenborn D., Werner A.K., Burger J. 2005 Ancient DNA from the first European farmers in 7500-year-old Neolithic sites. Science, vol. 305: 1016-1018.

7. Haak W., Lazaridis I., Patterson N., Rohland N., Mallick S., Llamas B., Brandt G., Nordenfelt S., Harney E., Stewardson K., Fu Q., Mittnik A., Banffy E., Economou C., Francken M., Friederich S., Pena R.G., Hallgren F., Khartanovich V., Khokhlov A., Kunst M., Kuznetsov P., Meller H., Mochalov O., Moiseyev V., Nicklisch N., Pichler S.L., Risch R., Rojo Guerra M.A., Roth C., Szecsenyi-Nagy A., Wahl J., Meyer M., Krause J., Brown D., Anthony D., Cooper A., Alt K.W., Reich D. 2015 Massive migration from the steppe was a source for IndoEuropean languages in Europe. Nature, vol. 522: 207-211.

8. Hollard C., Zvenigorosky V., Kovalev A., Kiryushin Y., Tishkin A., Lazaretov I., Crubezy E., Ludes B., Keyser C. 2018 New genetic evidence of affinities and discontinuities between Bronze Age Siberian populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, vol. 167 (1): 97-107.

9. Kovalev A.A., Erdenebaatar D. 2009 Discovery of new cultures of the Bronze Age in Mongolia according to the data obtained by the International Central Asian Archaeological Expedition. In Current Archaeological Research in Mongolia: Papers from the First Intern. Conf. on “Archaeological Research in Mongolia”. Ulanbaatar, 19th-23rd 2007. Bonn: pp. 149-170. (Bonn Contributions to Asian Archaeology; vol. 4).

10. Molodin V.I. 2001 Bronzezeit in Berg Altai. Eurasia antiqua: Zeitschrift fur archaologie Eurasiens, Bd. 7: 1-51.

11. Pilipenko A.S., Cherdantsev S.V., Trapezov R.O., Molodin V.I., Kobeleva L.S., Pozdnyakov D.V., Polosmak N.V. 2017 Kinship analysis of human remains from the Sargat mounds, Baraba forest-steppe, Western Siberia. Archae ology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 45 (4): 132-142.

12. Pilipenko A.S., Molodin V.I., Trapezov R.O., Cherdantsev S.V., Zhuravlev A.A. 2016 A genetic analysis of human remains from the Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC) cemetery Bertek-56 in the Altai Mountains. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 44 (4): 141-149.

13. Pilipenko A.S., Romashchenko A.G., Molodin V.I., Kulikov I.V., Kobzev V.F., Pozdnyakov D.V., Novikova O.I. 2008 Infant burials in dwellings at Chicha-1, in the Baraba foreststeppe: Results of DNA analysis. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 34 (2): 57-67.

14. Pilipenko A.S., Trapezov R.O., Cherdantsev S.V., Babenko V.N., Nesterova M.S., Pozdnyakov D.V., Molodin V.I., Polosmak N.V. 2018 Maternal genetic features of the Iron Age Tagar population from Southern Siberia (1st millennium BC). PLoS ONE, vol. 13 (9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0204062.

15. Pilipenko A.S., Trapezov R.O., Polosmak N.V. 2015 A paleogenetic study of Pazyryk people buried at Ak-Alakha-1, the Altai Mountains. Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, vol. 43 (4): 144-150.

16. Pilipenko A.S., Trapezov R.O., Zhuravlev A.A., Molodin V.I., Romaschenko A.G. 2015 MtDNA haplogroup A10 lineages in Bronze Age samples suggest that ancient autochthonous human groups contributed to the specificity of the indigenous West Siberian population. PLoS ONE, vol. 10 (5). URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0127182.

17. Savinov D.G. 1994a Mogilnik Bertek-33. In Drevniye kultury Bertekskoy doliny, V.I. Molodin (ed.). Novosibirsk: Nauka, pp. 39-49.

18. Savinov D.G. 1994b Afanasyevskaya kultura. In Drevniye kultury Bertekskoy doliny, V.I. Molodin (ed.). Novosibirsk: Nauka, pp. 130-134.

19. Sierp I., Henneberg M. 2015 The difficulty of sexing skeletons from unknown populations. Journal of Anthropology. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/908535.

20. Tan Q., Bellizzi D., Rose G., Garasto S., Franceschi C., Kruse T., Vaupel J.W., De Benedictis G., Yashin A.I. 2002 The influences on human longevity by HUMTHO1. STR polymorphism (Tyrosine Hydroxylase gene): A relative risk approach. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development, vol. 123 (10): 1403-1410.

21. Vadetskaya E.B., Polyakov A.V., Stepanova N.F. 2014 Svod pamyatnikov afanasyevskoy kultury. Barnaul: Azbuka.

22. Wurmb-Schwark N. von, Caliebe A., Schwark T., Kleindorp R., Poetsch M., Schreiber S., Nebel A. 2011 Association of TH01 with human longevity revisited. European Journal of Human Genetics, vol. 19 (8): 924-927. DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2011.43.


For citation:


Pilipenko A.S., Trapezov R.O., Cherdantsev S.V., Pilipenko I.V., Zhuravlev A.A., Pristyazhnyuk M.S., Molodin V.I. The Paleogenetic Study of Bertek-33, an Afanasyevo Cemetery on the Ukok Plateau, the Altai Mountains. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2020;48(4):146-154. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.4.146-154

Views: 123


ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)