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Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии

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БИЛАТЕРАЛЬНАЯ АСИММЕТРИЯ ДЛИННЫХ КОСТЕЙ КОНЕЧНОСТЕЙ У СКОТОВОДОВ АЛТАЯ ЭПОХИ БРОНЗЫ И РАННЕГО ЖЕЛЕЗНОГО ВЕКА

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Аннотация

Цель работы – изучить направленную асимметрию (DA) в скелетных выборках древних скотоводов лесостепного Алтая. Были исследованы две группы, одна из которых относится к эпохе развитой бронзы, другая – к скифскому времени. В результате изучения показателей DA поперечных размеров длинных костей конечностей и ключиц установлены половые и хронологические различия, отражающие специфику физической активности скотоводов. У мужчин обоих хронологических периодов мануальные нагрузки были двусторонними, преимущественно силового характера. Женский труд, особенно в скифское время, требовал более частого использования доминантной руки. Женщины испытывали также асимметричные нагрузки на ноги в медиолатеральной плоскости. DA продольных размеров костей рук в группе эпохи бронзы низкая, скифского времени – высокая, что определяется, по-видимому, хронологическими различиями в уровне средового и/или генетического стресса.

Об авторе

С. С. Тур
Алтайский государственный университет Ленинский пр., 61, Барнаул, 656049, Россия
Россия

кандидат исторических наук, заведующая кабинетом антропологии Музея археологии и этнографии Алтая



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Для цитирования:


Тур С.С. БИЛАТЕРАЛЬНАЯ АСИММЕТРИЯ ДЛИННЫХ КОСТЕЙ КОНЕЧНОСТЕЙ У СКОТОВОДОВ АЛТАЯ ЭПОХИ БРОНЗЫ И РАННЕГО ЖЕЛЕЗНОГО ВЕКА. Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии. 2014;59(3):141-156.

For citation:


Tur S.S. BILATERAL ASYMMETRY OF LONG BONES IN BRONZE AND EARLY IRON AGE PASTORALISTS OF THE ALTAI. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2014;59(3):141-156. (In Russ.)

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