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The origin of Near Eastern Middle Pleistocene blade industries is discussed with reference to the Levallois reduction technique. Special attention is paid to the Gesher Benot Ya’akov site, Israel, where the Levallois technology is the earliest in the region (ca 800 ka). Whereas later Acheulean industries show no continuity with the Levallois tradition, the alternation of predominant Middle Pleistocene technologies indicates changing adaptation strategies caused by ecological conditions. Accordingly, the early appearance of the laminar technology in the Near East evidences local evolution rather than immigration. The major factors underlying this innovation were adaptation and the intrinsic development of the Levallois system. Laminar technologies, which are fi rst evidenced by certain Levantine sites even earlier than Gesher Benot Ya’akov, became widely distributed at the Acheulo-Yabrudian stage of the late Acheulean. A well developed blade technology is demonstrated by the Amudian industry of Qesem, Israel, dating to 400–200 ka.

About the Author

A. P. Derevianko
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pr. Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Russian Federation


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Derevianko A.P. LEVANTINE MIDDLE PLEISTOCENE BLADE INDUSTRIES. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2016;44(1):3-26.

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