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CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN THE LATE PLEISTOCENE LITHIC INDUSTRIES OF THE CENTRAL ZAGROS: A TYPO-TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF LITHIC ASSEMBLAGES FROM GHAR-E KHAR CAVE, BISOTUN, IRAN

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Abstract

The paper presents a typo-technological analysis of the lithic assemblages from the 1965 excavation of Khar cave in mountainous region of Central Zagros, Iran. Khar cave is one of the rare excavated Paleolithic sites in Zagros region with a stratifi ed sequence encompassing archaeological materials from both MIS 2 and MIS 3. The research is based on typo-technological characteristics of artifacts from the both parts of the Khar cave lithic assemblage, which are stored in the National Museum of Iran and in the Montreal University and have not been properly studied in terms of technology. The paper addresses the issue of Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Zagros, technological characteristics of Baradostian/Zagros Aurignacian industries, and the possibility of industrial evolution from the late Baradostian to the early Zarzian. Despite the small size of the assemblage, the analysis illustrates a sequence of changes and continuity in core reduction strategies and tools production in Khar cave, beginning from Late Middle Paleolithic to Epipaleolithic. However based on the current state of data, the paper reaches a conclusion that our technological data supporting the hypothesis of Middle to Upper Paleolithic continuity in Zagros are insuffi cient and we can neither confi rm nor reject the possibility of a gradual transition in this region.

About the Authors

S. Shidrang
Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615 PESSAC CEDEX, France
France


F. Biglari
National Museum of Iran, 30 Tir St., Emam Khomaini Ave., Tehran, Iran
Iran, Islamic Republic of


J.-G. Bordes
Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615 PESSAC CEDEX, France
France


J. Jaubert
Université de Bordeaux, Bâtiment B8, Allée Geoffroy Saint Hilaire, CS 50023, 33615 PESSAC CEDEX, France
France


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For citation:


Shidrang S., Biglari F., Bordes J., Jaubert J. CONTINUITY AND CHANGE IN THE LATE PLEISTOCENE LITHIC INDUSTRIES OF THE CENTRAL ZAGROS: A TYPO-TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF LITHIC ASSEMBLAGES FROM GHAR-E KHAR CAVE, BISOTUN, IRAN. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2016;44(1):27-38. (In Russ.)

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