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Kinship Analysis of Human Remains from the Sargat Mounds, Baraba Forest-Steppe, Western Siberia

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2017.45.4.132-142

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Abstract

We present the results of a paleogenetic analysis of nine individuals from two Early Iron Age mounds in the Baraba forest -teppe, associated with the Sargat culture (fi ve from Pogorelka-2  mound 8, and four from Vengerovo-6 mound 1). Four systems of  genetic markers were analyzed: mitochondrial DNA, the polymorphic part of the amelogenin gene, autosomal STR-loci, and those of the Y- chromosome. Complete or partial data, obtained for eight of the nine individuals, were subjected to kinship analysis. No direct relatives of  the “parent-child” type were detected. However, the data indicate  close paternal and maternal kinship among certain individuals. This  was evidently one of the reasons why certain individuals were buried under a single mound. Paternal kinship appears to have been of greater importance. The diversity of mtDNA and Y-chromosome lineages among individuals from one and the same mound suggests  that kinship was not the only motive behind burying the deceased  people jointly. The presence of very similar, though not identical,  variants of the Y chromosome in different burial grounds may  indicate the existence of groups such as clans, consisting of paternally related males. Our conclusions need further confirmation and detailed elaboration.

About the Authors

A. S. Pilipenko
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



S. V. Cherdantsev
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



R. O. Trapezov
Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 10, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



V. I. Molodin
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation

Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

Pirogova 1, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia



L. S. Kobeleva
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia


D. V. Pozdnyakov
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia


N. V. Polosmak
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Pr. Akademika Lavrentieva 17, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia


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For citation:


Pilipenko A.S., Cherdantsev S.V., Trapezov R.O., Molodin V.I., Kobeleva L.S., Pozdnyakov D.V., Polosmak N.V. Kinship Analysis of Human Remains from the Sargat Mounds, Baraba Forest-Steppe, Western Siberia. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2017;45(4):132-142. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2017.45.4.132-142

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