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MONGOL WARRIORS OF THE JOCHI ULUS AT THE KARASUYR CEMETERY, ULYTAU, CENTRAL KAZAKHSTAN

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2018.46.2.106-113

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Abstract

We present an archaeological study of medieval burials of warriors in the Karasuyr cemetery in the northwestern Betpakdala desert, near the southern Ulytau range in central Kazakhstan. The region was an eastern province of the Golden Horde, a ritual center of Jochi’s clan and later Mongol rulers until the late 16th century. The excavated part of the cemetery includes fi ve burials. Four were those of males (three Mongoloid and one Caucasoid), and one was that of a female. Based on artifacts and the results of radiocarbon analysis, the burials date to the late 13th and early 14th century. Artifacts include birch-bark quivers, iron and bone arrowheads, fragments of laminar armor, and knives. The burial rite, the artifacts, and the physical type of the individuals suggest that three of them were Mongol warriors buried according to the Tibetan Buddhist rite, following an unknown military confl ict during the Jochi Ulus rule––the fi rst such burials to be excavated. Absence of weapons and the scarcity of other artifacts in the grave of the Caucasoid male indicate a subordinate position in the military group. The cemetery refl ects the early expansion of Buddhism beyond Tibet before the spread of Islam across the northern fringes of the Eurasian steppe.

About the Authors

E. R. Usmanova
Saryarka Archaeological Institute, E.A. Buketov Karaganda State University
Kazakhstan
Universitetskaya 28, Karaganda, 100028


I. I. Dremov
OOO “Georesurs KB”
Russian Federation
Moskovskaya 84, Saratov, 410012


I. P. Panyushkina
University of Arizona
United States
1215 E. Lowell St., Tucson, AZ 85721


A. V. Kolbina
Kostanay Regional Museum of Local History
Kazakhstan
Altynsarina 115, Kostanay, 458000


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For citation:


Usmanova E.R., Dremov I.I., Panyushkina I.P., Kolbina A.V. MONGOL WARRIORS OF THE JOCHI ULUS AT THE KARASUYR CEMETERY, ULYTAU, CENTRAL KAZAKHSTAN. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2018;46(2):106-113. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2018.46.2.106-113

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