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RECONSTRUCTION OF EXTREME PALEOCLIMATIC EVENTS IN NORTHWESTERN SIBERIA USING ANCIENT WOOD FROM FORT NADYM

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2018.46.3.032-040

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Abstract

This study addresses the occurrence of damage to the anatomical structure (frost rings, light rings, and fluctuations of the wood density) and missing tree rings in wood samples from Fort Nadym—a medieval fort in the subarctic zone of Western Siberia. The chronology of extreme climatic events was reconstructed for the 1170–1505 period. We used multiple criteria such as severity of events; coincidence of structural pathologies and missing annual rings across all species; coincidence of structural anomalies with missing rings in specifi c years and years of minimum growth in chronologies. These criteria have allowed us to identify eight signifi cant climatic events for the study area. The comparison of information on those events with that relating to other regions has shown that the 1259 event, evidenced by various sources, was likely global. Two other events, 1342 and 1466, are registered in northwestern Siberia and North America, and are therefore inter-regional. The 1347 and 1440 events concerned only northwestern Siberia. These years coincide with those of documented volcanic eruptions, peaks of acidity and aerosol development in polar ice cores, as well as the historical accounts of severe cold, crop failure, etc. All these events had a strong impact on socio-economic processes in Western Siberia.

About the Authors

G. T. Omurova
Central-Asian Institute for Applied Geosciences
Kyrgyzstan
T. Frunze 73/2, Bishkek, 720027


V. V. Barinov
Siberian Federal University
Russian Federation
Pr. Svobodny 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041


O. V. Kardash
Surgut State University
Russian Federation
Lenina 1, Surgut, 628412


E. A. Vaganov
Siberian Federal University
Russian Federation
Pr. Svobodny 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041


V. S. Myglan
Siberian Federal University
Russian Federation
Pr. Svobodny 79, Krasnoyarsk, 660041


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For citation:


Omurova G.T., Barinov V.V., Kardash O.V., Vaganov E.A., Myglan V.S. RECONSTRUCTION OF EXTREME PALEOCLIMATIC EVENTS IN NORTHWESTERN SIBERIA USING ANCIENT WOOD FROM FORT NADYM. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2018;46(3):32-40. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2018.46.3.032-040

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