Preview

Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia

Advanced search
Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

The Loess-Paleosol Sequence at the Krasnogorskoye Section, the Low-Hill Zone of the Northeastern Altai Mountains

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.1.003-014

Full Text:

Abstract

The loess-paleosol sequence of the Krasnogorskoye section in the low-altitude area of the northeastern Altai Mountains, can provide a yardstick for estimating the age of the Paleolithic sites and reconstructing environmental and climatic changes. Its correlation with the respective sequence of the southern part of the West Siberian Plain is evaluated. Five pedocomplexes are studied in detail, evidencing the evolution of the Middle and Late Pleistocene soil formation from the Shadrikha interglacial to the Karga interstadial. Buried soils of the Shadrikha, Shipunovo, Koinikha, and Kazantsevo warm stages formed under a climate that was warmer and more humid than today. After the Kazantsevo interglacial, both the range and the frequency of climatic oscillations show marked changes. It is demonstrated that the warm stages of this interval differ from the earlier ones by lesser warming and shorter duration by a cooler and more arid climate. Seven loess horizons dividing pedocomplexes are established. Nonmetric and metric analyses of quartz sand grains support the eolian origin of loess horizons under cryoarid conditions. The size of grains in the Late Pleistocene portion of the Krasnogorskoye section attests to the intensifi cation of the loess processes. Higher magnetic susceptibility during the cool stages and higher frequency-dependent susceptibility during the warm stages evidence marked climatic oscillations. After the Kazantsevo interglacial, the amplitude fades and the pattern of paleoclimatic signal recorded by the magnetic properties of loess and paleosol in the section are close to the “Alaskan” type.

About the Authors

V. S. Zykina
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation


V. S. Zykin
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences; Novosibirsk State University
Russian Federation


A. O. Volvakh
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation


L. G. Smolyaninova
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation


I. Y. Ovchinnikov
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation


References

1. Величко А.А., Тимирева С.Н. Морфоскопия и морфометрия песчаных кварцевых зерен из лессов и погребенных почв // Пути эволюционной географии (итоги и перспективы) / отв. ред. И.И. Спасская. – М.: ИГ РАН, 2002. – С. 170–185.

2. Деревянко А.П., Маркин С.В., Зыкин В.С., Зыкина В.С., Зажигин В.С., Сизикова А.О., Солотчина Э.П., Смолянинова Л.Г., Антипов А.С. Чагырская пещера – стоянка среднего палеолита Алтая // Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии. – 2013. – № 1. – С. 1–27.

3. Деревянко А.П., Шуньков М.В., Болиховская Н.С., Зыкин В.С., Зыкина В.С., Кулик Н.А., Ульянов В.А., Чиркин К.А. Стоянка раннего палеолита Карама на Алтае. – Новосибирск: Изд-во ИАЭТ СО РАН, 2005. – 86 с.

4. Добрецов Н.Л., Зыкин В.С., Зыкина В.С. Структура лессово-почвенной последовательности плейстоцена Западной Сибири и ее сопоставление с Байкальской и глобальными летописями изменения климата // Докл. АН. – 2003. – Т. 391, № 6. – С. 821–824.

5. Дюшофур Ф. Основы почвоведения. – М.: Прогресс, 1970. – 591 с.

6. Зыкин В.С., Зыкина В.С., Орлова Л.А. Реконструкция изменений природной среды и климата позднего плейстоцена на юге Западной Сибири по отложениям озера Аксор // Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии. – 2003. – № 4. – С. 2–16.

7. Зыкин В.С., Зыкина В.С., Чиркин К.А., Смолянинова Л.Г. Геологическое строение и стратиграфия верхнекайнозойских отложений в районе раннепалеолитической стоянки Карама в верхнем течении долины р. Ануй // Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии. – 2005. – № 3. – С. 2–20.

8. Зыкина В.С., Волков И.А., Дергачева М.И. Верхнечетвертичные отложения и ископаемые почвы Новосибирского Приобья. – М.: Наука, 1981. – 203 с.

9. Зыкина В.С., Зыкин В.С. Лессово-почвенная последовательность и эволюция природной среды и климата Западной Сибири в плейстоцене. – Новосибирск: Гео, 2012. – 477 с.

10. Классификация и диагностика почв СССР / В.В. Его-ров, В.М. Фридланд, Е.Н. Иванова, Н.И. Розов. – М.: Колос, 1977. – 223 с.

11. Классификация и диагностика почв России / Л.Л. Шишов, В.Д. Тонконогов, И.И. Лебедева, М.И. Герасимова. – Смоленск: Ойкумена, 2004. – 341 с.

12. Рухин Л.Б. Основы литологии. – Л.: Недра, 1969. – 703 с.

13. Сизикова А.О., Зыкина В.С., Овчинников И.Ю., Панов В.С. Комплексное изучение горизонтов лессов верхнего плейстоцена разреза Белово // Геология и минерально-сырьевые ресурсы Сибири. – 2015. – № 4. – С. 17–30.

14. Хабаков А.В. Об индексах окатанности галечников // Сов. геология. – 1946. – № 10. – С. 98–99.

15. Babek O., Chlachula J., Grugar M.T. Non-magnetic indicators of pedogenesis related to loess magnetic enhancement and depletion: Examples from the Czech Republic and southern Siberia // Quaternary Sci. Rev. – 2011. – Vol. 30. – P. 967–979.

16. Bassinot F.C., Labeyrie L.D., Vincent E., Quidelleur X., Shackleton N.J., Lancelot Y. The astronomical theory of climate and the age of the Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal // Earth and Planetary Science Letters. – 1994. – Vol. 126. – P. 91–108.

17. Head M.J., Gibbard P.L., Salvador A. The Quaternary: its character and definition // Episodes. – 2008. – Vol. 31, N 2. – P. 234–238.

18. Frechen M., Zander A., Zykina V., Boenigk W. The loess record from the section at Kurtak in Middle Siberia // Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. – 2005. – Vol. 228. – P. 228–244.

19. Liu X.M. Rock Magnetic Properties and Palaeoclimate of Chinese Loess / eds. X.M. Liu et al. // J. Geomag. Geoelectr. – 1993. – Vol. 45. – P. 117–124.

20. Nugteren G., Vandenberghe J., Van Huissteden J., Zhizheng A. A Quaternary Climate Record Based on Grain Size Analysis from the Luochuan Loess Section on the Central Loess Plateau, China // Global and Planetary Change. – 2004. – Vol. 41. – P. 167–183.

21. Sizikova A.O., Zykina V.S. The dynamics of the Late Pleistocene loess formation, Lozhok section, Ob loess Plateau, SW Siberia // Quaternary International. – 2015. – Vol. 365. – P. 4–14.

22. Vandenberghe J. Paleoenvironment and Stratigraphy During Last Glacial in the Belgian-Dutch Border Region // Quaternary Research. – 1985. – Vol. 24. – P. 23–38.

23. Velichko A., Timireva S. Morphoscopy and morphometry of quartz grains from loess and buried soil layers // GeoJournal. – 1995. – N 36 (2/3). – P. 143–149.

24. Westgate J.A. A 3 m.y. record of Pliocene-Pleistocene loess in interior Alaska / eds. J.A. Westgate, B.A. Stemper, T.L. Pewe // Geology. – 1990. – Vol. 18 (9). – P. 858–861.

25. Zander A., Frechen M., Zykina V., Boenigk W. Luminescence chronology of the Upper Pleistocene loess record at Kurtak in Middle Siberia // Quaternary Sci. Rev. – 2003. – Vol. 22. – P. 999–1010.

26. Zykina V.S., Zykin V.S. Pleistocene warming stages in Southern West Siberia: soils, environment, and climate evolution // Quaternary International. – 2003. – Vol. 106/107. – P. 233–243.

27. Zykina V.S., Zykin V.S. The loess-soil sequence of the Brunhes chron from West Siberia and its correlation to global climate records // Quaternary International. – 2008. – Vol. 179. – P. 171–175.


For citation:


Zykina V.S., Zykin V.S., Volvakh A.O., Smolyaninova L.G., Ovchinnikov I.Y. The Loess-Paleosol Sequence at the Krasnogorskoye Section, the Low-Hill Zone of the Northeastern Altai Mountains. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2019;47(1):3-14. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2019.47.1.003-014

Views: 92


ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)