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Two Rare Finds from the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya Sites in the Black Sea Region

https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.2.029-037

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Abstract

We describe two unique fi nds from the 2018 excavations at the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya settlements of Pervomayskoye and Chekon in the Krasnodar Territory: a pendant and a clay figurine of a goddess, respectively. The parquet ornament on the pendant is paralleled by that on a cylindrical pendant-seal from Chekon. Such ornamentation is frequent on Near Eastern button-seals, and occurs on Anatolian artifacts symbolizing the fertility goddess and the magic related to her. Therefore, the Pervomayskoye and Chekon pendants, too, may be associated with the fertility cult. The figurine of a goddess from Chekon can be attributed to the Serezlievka type of the Late Tripolye culture. It testifies to ties between Maikop and Tripolye in the late 4th to early 3rd millennia BC. Both finds shed light on the vastly diverse beliefs of the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya tribes at the middle and late stage of that culture.

About the Authors

S. N. Korenevskiy
Institute of Archaeology, Russian Academy of Sciences
Russian Federation
Dm. Ulyanova 19, Moscow, 117292


A. I. Yudin
Research Center for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage
Russian Federation
Glebuchev Ovrag 492, Saratov, 410003


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For citation:


Korenevskiy S.N., Yudin A.I. Two Rare Finds from the Maikop-Novosvobodnaya Sites in the Black Sea Region. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2020;48(2):29-37. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2020.48.2.029-037

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ISSN 1563-0110 (Print)