Средний палеолит Леванта


https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2016.44.3.003-036

Полный текст:


Аннотация

В статье рассматриваются особенности становления и развития культуры среднего палеолита в Леванте, в одном из ключевых районов первобытной ойкумены. Технокомплексы на этой территории имели много общих технико-типологических показателей, что позволяет рассматривать их в рамках единой левантийской среднепалеолитической индустрии, заметно отичающейся от синхронных технокомплексов в Африке и Евразии. Общность выражается прежде всего в использовании сходных приемов обработки камня, связанных с появлением и распространением леваллуазского и пластинчатого расщепления, которое сложилось на автохтонной ашело-ябрудийской основе. Создателями этой индустрии являлись люди современного физического типа и палестинские неандертальцы, формирование которых происходило на протяжении среднего плейстоцена на основе метисного таксона, образованного в результате гибридизации Homo heidelbergensis и автохтонных популяций.


Об авторе

А. П. Деревянко
Институт археологии и этнографии СО РАН пр. Академика Лаврентьева, 17, Новосибирск, 630090, Россия
Россия


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Для цитирования: Деревянко А.П. Средний палеолит Леванта. Археология, этнография и антропология Евразии. 2016;44(3):3-36. https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2016.44.3.003-036

For citation: Derevianko A.P. The Middle Paleolithic of the Levant. Archaeology, Ethnology & Anthropology of Eurasia. 2016;44(3):3-36. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17746/1563-0110.2016.44.3.003-036

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